Publications

The energy industry publishes a near constant stream of thought provoking papers on green energy, energy storage, renewables—along with ongoing developments, research, current trends and more.  To help keep building professionals on the pulse of the industry, we’ve curated some of the best papers we’ve seen and collected them here.

Energy Storage Providing for a Low Carbon Future

ASHRAE Journal

The world's need to reduce its carbon emissions by reducing, in part, its dependence on fossil fuel, will completely change the make up of our electric delivery system. The reason is simple fossil fuels are not just forms of energy; they are forms of stored energy. Coal is not hot until you light it. If we plan to replace fossil fuels with other forms of energy, such as wind power or solar, then we also need to replace the storage characteristic of fossil fuels.

Thermal Energy Storage Myths

ASHRAE Journal

Using thermal energy storage has shifted gigawatts of power off of daytime peaks in a cost-effective manner. However, thermal energy storage (TES) market penetration is small in comparison to its potential. Why?

Source Energy and Environmental Impacts of Thermal Energy Storage

California Energy Commission

In numerous studies, it has been proven that electricity is produced and delivered much more efficiently during off-peak hours than during on-peak periods. For every kilowatt-hour of energy that is shifted from on-peak usage to off-peak, there is a reduction in the source fuel needed to generate it. While the exact amount of savings varies, studies show a range from 8 to 30 percent for two of the major utilities studied. The reduction in source fuel normally results in a reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions produced by the power plant.

The Free Lunch Algorithm

Facilities Engineering Journal

Until recently, demand charges have been over looked on bills. Many facilities professionals have focused on reducing their costs by cutting kilowat-hours (kWh) consumption, but now that managers can reduce the demand charge, that mindset is changing. This article will present a summary of the challenges and a unique "Free Lunch" algorithm designed to lower utility demand charges in buildings with control systems.

What Does a Smart Grid Mean to You and Me

Design Cost Data

Designers of buildings and cooling systems must recognize how using and purchasing energy from the smart grid will change their practices accordingly. How much and when electricity is used is changing and building owners must understand that a little more investment in the life cycle cost and design stage can pay big dividends later.